Lung Cancer Information & Diagnosis
Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. In women it
is second only to breast cancer in commonality and in men it is second
to prostate cancer. In the United States, approximately 226,160 new cases
were diagnosed in 2012.
What Is Lung Cancer?
Lung cancer is a term used to describe a growth of abnormal cells inside
the lung. The cancerous cells stick together forming a cluster known as
a tumor. There are two types of tumors: benign and malignant.
Benign tumors are not cancer. The cells do not spread to other parts of
the body and the tumor often can be removed. These tumors are rarely life-threatening.
Malignant tumors are cancer. These cells divide and grow out of control
and do not carry out the function of the organ they are inhabiting.
American Cancer Society to learn more about the types of lung cancer.
Frequently lung cancer is first discovered on a chest x-ray. Sometimes
it is found incidentally on a routine chest X-ray, or an X-ray taken before
an upcoming surgery. Other times the person may have respiratory symptoms
such as nagging cough, coughing bloody sputum, difficulty breathing, wheezing
or hoarseness. Other symptoms may include chest pain or pressure, swelling
of the neck and face, loss of appetite, weight loss, or fatigue.
Regardless of how the tumor is initially discovered, the diagnosis of lung
cancer is ultimately based on a biopsy that is examined by a pathologist
under a microscope.
Diagnostic imaging is the cornerstone of diagnosis, staging and follow-up
of patients with lung cancer and other malignancies of the chest.
Screening and diagnostic service options at Huntington Hospital include:
- Positron emission tomography (PET/CT Scan)
- CT scan
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Bone scan
- CT guided fine needle biopsy
SuperDimension - Computer-assisted Navigational Assisted Bronchoscopy. Learn more about